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Table 3 BATWING results for each ethnic group

From: Genetic diversity and the emergence of ethnic groups in Central Asia

  Ne Alpha Time of first split (generations) Time of first split (years)    Historical estimates
Karakalpak 1779 (1128-2797) 0.004 (0.0008-0.0089) 29.3 (12.08-53.13) 878.9 (362.4-1593.93)    400
Kazak 1636 (1036-2585) 0.005 (0.0011-0.0107) 88.59 (45.87-148.13) 2657.61 (1375.98-4444.05)    600
Kyrgyz 2914 (2054-4070) 0.0024 (0.0005-0.0051) 55.26 (27.32-95.16) 1657.75 (819.47-2854.74)    600*
Turkmen 1523 (796-2925) 0.0053 (0.001-0.0119) 50.69 (21.49-94.13) 1520.79 (644.82-2823.99)    1500
Uzbek 14088 (6765-23942) 0.0108 (0.0065-0.0155) 41.09 (7.33-87.79) 1232.71 (219.78-2633.73)    600
Tajiks 6585 (3845-10600) 0.0082 (0.0045-0.0123) 62.61 (33.16-106.73) 1878.23 (994.94-3202)    unknown
  1. Effective population size (Ne), growth rate (a) and Time of the first split. Ne is calculated by dividing θ by twice the mutation rate (0.0021) see [20] and [21]. Confidence Intervals represent respectively the 2.5% and 97.5% proportions of the distribution. Generation time of 30 years [22] The model assumes constant population growth. * this estimate is for Kyrgyz living in Kyrgyzstan