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Table 1 mtDNA-Dloop sequence variability and mismatch parameters under demographic (τ, θ0 and θ1) and spatial expansions (τ, θ and m).

From: Phylogeography and historical demography of the Pacific Sierra mackerel (Scomberomorus sierra) in the Eastern Pacific

   Population
   SIN SIN-04 MICH OAX CH PE
Genetic variability n 43 26 31 50 47 49
  nh 42 26 28 48 47 49
  h 0.999 1.0 0.994 0.998 1.0 1.0
  (SD) (0.005) (0.011) (0.01) (0.004) (0.004) (0.004)
  π 0.0244 0.0076 0.00144 0.0183 0.0214 0.0217
  (SD) (0.0097) (0.0036) (0.0048) (0.0072) (0.0082) (0.0089)
Demographic τ 1.7 5.0 10.6 9.5 13.4 11.8
  T (Ky) 250.8 108.3 228.3 204.9 287.2 252.8
  (CI-95%) 161.4-550.8 75.1-135.9 138.5-292.4 143.5-327.1 212.4-387.0 168.7-289.8
  θ0 5.1 0 0.01 3.0 1.7 0.0
  N 0 55 000 0 128 32 418 18 432 0.0
  θ1 5.1 99 999 51.5 255.3 105.9 156.2
  N 1 55000 1.07 × 109 552 300 2.7 × 106 1.13 × 106 1.68 × 106
Spatial τ 10.4 5.0 8.9 9.2 12-0 11.5
  T (Ky) 223.5 108.3 191.8 198.2 258.5 246.5
  (CI-95%) 154.9-391.6 60.4-135.8 119.8-274.7 142.5-280.7 201.5-335.8 189.0-337.0
  θ 6.4 0.0007 1.5 3.3 3.0 3.1
  N 69 400 7.5 16 500 35 900 33 100 33 800
  M 530.3 99 999 94.2 1251.9 2006.6 99 999
  m 0.004 6 600 0.003 0.02 0.03 1.5
  1. Sample size (N), number of haplotypes (nh), haplotype diversity (h), nucleotide diversity (π), standard deviation (SD), time since expansion (T) in thousand years (Ky). Ranges for T are given for 95% confidence intervals.