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Table 4 Average morphological tratis in the ‘western’ and ‘eastern’ group of Capsicum baccatum germplasm accessions

From: Genetic diversity in Capsicum baccatumis significantly influenced by its ecogeographical distribution

Morphological traits Western Eastern PvalueZ
Anther color [1 = yellow, 2 = yellow/blue] 1.08 1.03 NS
Anthocyanin immature fruit [1 = present, 0 = absent] 0.08 0.25 0.0313
Blossom end shape [1 = pointed, 9 = sunken] 1.88 2.14 NS
Calyx constriction [1 = present, 0 = absent] 0 0.02 NS
Calyx margin [1 = smooth, 9 = serrate] 5.05 3.87 0.0001
Calyx shape [1 = cup, 2 = saucer] 1.09 1.31 NS
Corolla color [1 = white, 2 = green-white, 5 = violet] 1 = 100% 1 = 100% NS
Corolla spots [2 = yellow, 3 = green/yellow] 2 = 92%, 3 = 8% 2 = 89%, 3 = 11% NS
Days to maturity [1 = early, 9 = late] 6.12 5.28 0.0142
Degree of pungency [1 = sweet, 9 = pungent] 5.68 5.71 NS
Determinate habit [1 = at least 75% mature at once, 0 = absent] 0.04 0.05 NS
Fasiculate [1 = present, 0 = absent] 0.05 0.12 NS
Fruit corkiness [0 = none, 9 = very high] 0.10 0.01 NS
Fruit length [cm] 6.00 5.80 NS
Fruit neck constriction [1 = present, 0 = absent] 0.02 0.08 NS
Fruit persistance [0 = separating calyx (has Sp gene), 0 = persistant calyx] 0.47 0.85 <0.001
Fruit pods per node 1.00 1.02 NS
Fruit position [1 = pendant, 9 = erect] 2.87 1.94 NS
Fruit set [1 = low, 9 = high] 6.25 6.83 0.0028
Fruit shape [1 = elongate, 2 = oblate, 4 = conic, 6 = bell] 1 = 88%, 4 = 12%, 1 = 81%, 2 = 2%, 4 = 9%, 6 = 9% NS
Fruit weight [g] 4.40 6.00 0.014
Fruit width [cm] 1.70 2.00 0.0381
Immature fruit color [2 = green, 3 = green/yellow, 4 = yellow, 5 = white] 2 = 62%, 3 = 30%, 4 = 6%, 5 = 3% 2 = 52%, 3 = 40%, 4 = 3%, 5 = 5% NS
Leaf pubescence [0 = glabrous, 9 = excessive] 0.05 0.02 NS
Leaf texture [1 = smooth, 9 = curled] 1.08 1.06 NS
Locule number 2.94 2.61 0.0063
Mature fruit color: Griffin + USDA observations [2 = red, 3 = orange-red, 4 = yellow, 5 = orange] 2 = 73%, 3 = 9%, 4 = 17% 2 = 89%, 3 = 3%, 4 = 1%, 5 = 7% 0.0536
Node anthocyanin [1 = present, 0 = absent] 0.89 0.92 0.0078
Pedicel position at anthesis [1 = pendant, 9 = erect] 8.36 8.79 <0.001
Peduncle insertion [1 = protruded, 9 = inserted] 2.69 3.12 NS
Peduncle length [cm] 4.40 3.90 NS
Plant habit [1 = sprawling, 9 = tall or upright] 5.54 5.18 NS
Plant height [cm] 61.70 74.70 <0.0011
Plant width [cm] 78.76 86.38 NS
Stem anthocyanin [1 = present, 0 = absent] 0.79 0.77 <0.001
Stem color [1 = green, 2 = purple] 1.00 1.00 NS
Stem number 6.52 5.73 0.0402
Stem pubescence [0 = glabrous, 9 = excessive] 0.85 0.69 NS
Stigma exsertion [1 = inserted, 9 = exserted] 4.44 4.13 NA
Wall thickness [cm] 0.14 0.19 0.0028
  1. ZP value showing the differences between the western and eastern groups of Capsicum baccatum; NS, not significant; NA, not available.