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Table 4 Summary of the DNA barcoding surveys of fishes (by December 2012) highlighting the numbers of species, higher taxa, families and genera with multiple species analyzed

From: Can DNA barcoding accurately discriminate megadiverse Neotropical freshwater fish fauna?

Survey Region Number of species analyzed Number of high taxa (order) Number of families and families with multiple species (>2) Number of genera and genera with multiple species (>2) Mean value of K2P divergence of conspecific/congeneric comparisons (%) Reference
Freshwater fishes        
Upper Paraná River basin Neotropical 254 10 36/20 126/19 1.30/6.80 Present study
Paraíba do Sul River basin – Brazil Neotropical 58 5 17/8 40/4 0.13/10.36 [28]
São Francisco River basin – Brazil Neotropical 101 6 22/11 75/6 0.50/10.61 [27]
Canada North America 190 20 28/15 85/21 0.27/8.37 [23]
Mexico and Guatemala Central/North America 61 8 15/5 36/6 0.45/5.10 [24]
Cuba Central America 27 8 10/4 17/2 0.40/8.00 [25]
Tall Lake - Philippines Asia 23 9 17/2 21/2 0.60/11.07 [26]
North America North America 752 24 50/18 178/45 0.73/13.67 [29]
Argentina Neotropical 36 8 18/3 32/1 0.33/1.68 [30]
India Asia 25 1 9/4 17/2 - [31]
Mexico North America 31 4 8/3 16/4 0.78/6.08* [32]
Marine fishes        
Australia Oceania 207 14 50/23 113/18 0.39/9.93 [12]
Argentina South America 125 25 63/9 98/3 0.23/4.04 [13]
Nayband National Park – Iran Europe 76 11 32/8 56/5 0.18/12.00 [16]
India Asia 115 7 37/14 79/5 0.30/6.60 [14]
China Asia 121 15 55/17 85/9 0.15/16.49 [15]
China Asia 95 15 69/13 86/2 0.32/17.26 [17]
China Asia 242 23 82/20 162/17 0.18/13.55 [18]
Caribbean Caribbean 572 (521*) 20* 87/47* 232/39* 0.45/16.30* [19]
Canada North America 177 28 81/20 136/9 0.32/4.40 [20]
Korea Asia 68 14 49/4 62/1 0.41/3.21 [21]
Brazil South America 135 22 62/12 110/5 0.31/13.29 [22]
  1. * Values based on available data on BOLD.