h
_{
m
}
^{2}

Method

Corr_{(m,d)}

Accuracy for JQ (SE)

Accuracy for AQ (SE)


0.15

UNI

0

0.468 ^{a,b,c,d} (0.010)

0.661 ^{a,b,c,d} (0.005)

PED

0

0.363 (0.017)

0.603 (0.007)

UNI

−0.46

0.381 ^{a,b,c,d} (0.021)

0.555 ^{a,b,c,d} (0.010)

PED

−0.46

0.295 (0.023)

0.489 (0.009)

0.25

UNI

0

0.542 ^{a,b,c,e} (0.009)

0.756 ^{a,b,c,e} (0.006)

PED

0

0.420 (0.015)

0.710 (0.008)

UNI

−0.46

0.449 ^{a,b,c} (0.018)

0.640 ^{a,b,c,e} (0.009)

PED

−0.46

0.348 (0.021)

0.577 (0.008)

0.35

UNI

0

0.604 ^{a,b,d,e} (0.009)

0.832 ^{a,b,d,e} (0.008)

PED

0

0.467 (0.012)

0.800 (0.010)

UNI

−0.46

0.498 ^{a,b,d} (0.017)

0.700 ^{a,b,d,e} (0.008)


PED

−0.46

0.388 (0.019)

0.642 (0.008)

 EBV, Estimated breeding values; h_{
m
}^{2}, Maternal heritability; UNI, UNI_BLUP; PED, PED_BLUP; Corr_{
(m,d)
}, Correlation between maternal and direct effects; JQ, Juvenile queens; AQ, All queens; SE, Standard error.
 Significant difference in accuracy with P < 0.05 (Welch’s ttest) between: ^{a}UNI_BLUP and PED_BLUP; ^{b}no correlation and negative correlation for UNI_BLUP; ^{c}heritabilities 0.15 and 0.25 for UNI_BLUP; ^{d}heritabilities 0.15 and 0.35 for UNI_BLUP; ^{e}heritabilities 0.25 and 0.35 for UNI_BLUP.