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Table 2 Grandparents' childhood experience of drastic change in food availability, from one year to the next year, going from poor to good and good to poor by descendants' cardiovascular mortality*

From: Change in paternal grandmothers´ early food supply influenced cardiovascular mortality of the female grandchildren

  Poor to good Poor to good Good to poor Good to poor
  Men Women Men Women
Paternal grandfather 0.90 (0.45-1.80) 1.42 (0.64-3.14) 1.08 (0.29-4.00) 0.15 (0.02-1.41)
Patermal grandmother 0.54 (0.24-1.20) 1.62 (0.58-4.52) 0.86 (0.22-3.3) 21.27 (2.24-202.47)
Maternal grandfather 1.17 (0.58-2.35) 1.22 (0.46-3.23) 1.28 (0.31-5.34) 3.37 (0.59-19.22)
Maternal Grandmother 0.60 (0.24-1.49) 0.91 (0.30-2.75) 0.75 (0.22-2.58) 0.16 (0.02-1.32)
Index cases 151 151 126 126
  1. *Associations are presented as Hazards ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs 95%). The models are adjusted for birth cohort, mother´s literacy, father´s death before the index person attained 13 years of age. Bold numbers indicate significant associations, p<0.05.