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Table 2 Y-Chromosome Haplogroup Frequencies and Diversity.

From: Culture creates genetic structure in the Caucasus: Autosomal, mitochondrial, and Y-chromosomal variation in Daghestan

  Avar Dargin Kubachi Kumik Nogai Crimean Tatar1 Georgian2 Iranian1 Turkish2 Karakalpak1 Kazak1 Mongolian3 C/N Europe East Asian
Sample Size 18 8 12 10 16 22 67 52 523 44 54 24 61 31
A 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
C 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.13 0.09 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.22 0.66 0.59 0.00 0.03
D 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.06 0.05 0.04 0.19 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.03
E 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.11 0.00 0.02 0.04 0.00 0.00
F (F*xH,I,J2) 0.61 1.00 0.92 0.30 0.06 0.18 0.50 0.40 0.20 0.09 0.02 0.08 0.02 0.00
H 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.20 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
I 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.05 0.02 0.00 0.05 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.36 0.00
J2 0.33 0.00 0.00 0.10 0.06 0.14 0.33 0.23 0.24 0.09 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
K (K*xL,O) 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.20 0.25 0.00 0.00 0.02 0.06 0.09 0.02 0.13 0.00 0.03
L 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.04 0.04 0.05 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
O (O*xO3) 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.06 0.05 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.02 0.04 0.00 0.39
O3 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.05 0.00 0.02 0.00 0.11 0.09 0.08 0.00 0.52
P (P*x R1) 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.06 0.03 0.07 0.07 0.00 0.02 0.00
R1* 0.06 0.00 0.08 0.20 0.25 0.09 0.06 0.02 0.16 0.09 0.06 0.00 0.56 0.00
R1a1 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.13 0.32 0.06 0.02 0.07 0.18 0.04 0.04 0.05 0.00
Nei's h 0.48 0.00 0.14 0.70 0.78 0.79 0.63 0.72 0.85 0.84 0.53 0.60 0.55 0.56
  1. Haplogroups as defined in Additional File 2. Superscripts refer to the reference number of the source data.
  2. References: 1. Wells et al.(2001); 2. Cinnioglu et al.(2004); The symbol "x" means "excluding the following subtypes."
  3. Haplogroups G, H, J (J*xJ2) have been genotyped for our Daghestani, Central/Northern European, and East Asian samples, though they are unavailable for the reference populations. Because of this, haplogroup F includes individuals who may belong to haplogroups G or J (xJ2).