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Table 3 mtDNA haplogroup frequencies for South Indian castes and major population groups

From: Genetic variation in South Indian castes: evidence from Y-chromosome, mitochondrial, and autosomal polymorphisms

  Tamil Nadu Andhra Pradesh Major Geographic Groups
Haplogroup Upper NTS Upper Middle Lower Upper Middle Lower Europeans E. Asians S. Indians
M-lineages           
   M* 0.463 0.622 0.442 0.882 0.667 0.600 0.685 . 0.464 0.615
   C 0.024 . . . . . . . 0.036 0.003
   D . . . . . . . . 0.179 .
   G . . . . . 0.013 . . . 0.003
   Z . . . . . . . . 0.036 .
M subtotal 0.487 0.622 0.442 0.882 0.667 0.613 0.685 0 0.715 0.621
N-lineages           
   N* . . 0.023 . . . 0.037 . 0.071 0.009
   W . . . . . . . 0.035 . .
   R 0.024 0.081 0.186 0.029 0.030 0.138 0.074 0.035 0.214 0.090
   R5 0.073 . . . 0.030 0.013 0.111 . . 0.034
   J . . . . . 0.013 . 0.105 . 0.003
   T 0.024 . . . . 0.025 0.019 0.088 . 0.012
   HV 0.073 0.108 0.047 0.029 0.091 0.063 0.019 0.579 . 0.059
   U 0.122 . . . . . . . . 0.016
   U5 . 0.027 . . . . . 0.018 . 0.003
   U5a1 . 0.027 . . . . . 0.070 . 0.003
   U5a/b . . . . . 0.013 . . . 0.003
   U2 0.024 . . . . . . . . 0.003
   U2-K 0.098 0.027 0.209 0.059 0.061 0.100 0.019 . . 0.084
   U4 0.024 . . . . . . . . 0.003
   U7 0.049 0.108 0.093 . 0.091 0.025 0.019 . . 0.050
   U8b . . . . . . . 0.070 . .
   U9 . . . . 0.030 . 0.019 . . 0.006
N subtotal 0.511 0.378 0.558 0.117 0.333 0.390 0.317 1.000 0.285 0.378
  1. (Lineages are grouped by M or N super-family; *could not be further resolved)