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Table 7 AMOVA for Y-chromosome, 45 autosomal STRs, and mtDNA

From: Genetic variation in South Indian castes: evidence from Y-chromosome, mitochondrial, and autosomal polymorphisms

  Tamil Castes Andhra Castes South Indians
  (4 castes) (3 castes) (2 states, 7 castes)
Y-chromosome    
   Among states - - -1.88a
   Among castes 4.45 5.52 5.06
   Within castes 95.55 94.48 96.82
Autosomal STRs    
   Among states - - 0.12a, b
   Among castes 0.96 0.77 0.85
   Within castes 99.04 99.23 99.02
mtDNA    
   Among states - - -0.47a
   Among castes 4.50 0.17a 2.41
   Within castes 95.50 99.83 98.06
  1. (Values are shown as percentages. All values differ significantly from a null distribution (p < 0.05) unless indicated by [a]. bThis value increases to 0.28 without the NTS Upper caste but remains non-significant. Tamil castes: Upper, NTS Upper, Middle, Lower; Andhra castes: Upper, Middle, Lower)