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Table 4 Results from AMOVA of European Impatiens glandulifera populations

From: Low genetic diversity despite multiple introductions of the invasive plant species Impatiens glandulifera in Europe

  Regions Municipalities
  % variance explained F-statistic p % variance explained F-statistic p
Between regions / among municipalities (FCT) 14.15 0.145 <0.05 21.76 0.218 <0.05
Among populationsa (FSC) 23.78 0.277 <0.001 13.38 0.171 <0.001
Within populations (among and within individuals) (FIS) 62.07 −0.136 >0.05 64.86 −0.136 >0.05
  1. Data as in Table 3. The dataset was analysed both with region as the highest hierarchical level (second through fourth columns) and with municipality as the highest hierarchical level (fifth through seventh columns)
  2. aPercentage variation among populations within regions (first column) and municipalities (third columns)