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Table 5 Analysis of variance (ANOVA) for traits in populations from artificially directed pollination (ADP)

From: Evidence and consequences of self-fertilisation in the predominantly outbreeding forage legume Onobrychis viciifolia

Phenotypic trait Modela Df MS F value Pr (>F)
Flowering time Population 2 1096.6 19.2 8.3e–9***
  Population: breeding type 3 1639.2 28.7 <2.2e–16***
  Population: parent 3 3158.2 53.4 < 2.2e–16***
  Population: breeding type: parent 3 1079.9 18.9 1.0e–11***
  Residual 567 57.0   
Seed yield Population 2 20072.0 67.7 < 2.2e–16***
  Population: breeding type 3 40508.0 136.7 < 2.2e–16***
  Population: parent 3 8457.0 28.5 < 2.2e–16***
  Population: breeding type: parent 3 3273.0 11.0 4.7e–7***
  Residual 561 296.0   
Plant height Population 2 3814.8 20.7 2.1e–9***
  Population: breeding type 3 10760.5 58.5 < 2.2e–16***
  Population: parent 3 4119.3 22.4 1.0e–13***
  Population: breeding type: parent 3 3940.9 21.4 3.7e–13***
  Residual 569 184.0   
Plant vigour Population 2 60.6 31.0 1.6e–14***
  Population: breeding type 3 61.7 31.6 < 2.2e–16***
  Population: parent 3 11.7 5.9 5.2e–16***
  Population: breeding type: parent 3 6.1 3.1 0.03*
  Residual 567 1.9   
  1. Breeding type = crossing or selfing
  2. MS = Mean squares. * = P < 0.05; *** = P < 0.001
  3. aComplete model = Population + Population: Breeding Type + Population: Breeding Type: Parent