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Table 1 Phenotypic performance of traits related to flag leaf morphology of main shoots in the parents and RIL population grown under two water regimes in different environments

From: Genetic dissection of flag leaf morphology in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) under diverse water regimes

Trait Environment Parent RIL population
Longjian 19 Q9086 Mean Minimum Maximum CV (%) Skewness Kurtosis
FLL E1 11.29/14.05 14.84**/17.62** 13.47/15.29 8.28/11.25 18.74/20.36 38.25/22.15 0.04/0.28 –0.07/0.14
  E2 13.61/17.43 17.29**/22.43** 15.68/22.57 10.70/17.49 21.54/28.08 32.57/21.74 0.32/0.30 0.62/–0.01
  E3 18.48/19.73 22.15**/24.76** 20.45/22.50 15.52/19.36 25.92/25.67 25.05/14.19 0.67/0.21 0.42/0.86
  E4 14.73/16.45 16.61*/20.72** 16.09/18.31 11.54/14.73 21.33/22.17 29.41/18.84 –0.06/–0.44 0.05/–0.04
FLW E1 1.06/1.28 1.36**/1.49** 1.24/1.38 1.03/1.21 1.50/1.63 13.51/10.75 0.02/0.35 0.07/0.19
  E2 1.17/1.32 1.45**/1.51** 1.33/1.58 1.13/1.47 1.53/1.81 14.16/9.62 0.63/0.33 0.56/–0.38
  E3 1.35/1.56 1.55*/1.73* 1.44/1.59 1.20/1.43 1.73/1.79 15.46/8.28 0.21/0.33 –0.28/–0.34
  E4 1.23/1.34 1.36**/1.62** 1.32/1.45 1.15/1.33 1.52/1.58 14.20/8.57 0.08/0.34 0.03/0.04
FLWR E1 10.65/10.98 10.91/11.83 10.90/11.15 8.15/9.08 13.71/13.23 25.38/17.87 –0.12/0.04 0.62/0.46
  E2 11.63/13.2 11.92/14.85 11.86/14.4 8.91/12.16 14.94/16.72 27.11/15.63 –0.47/0.60 0.59/0.92
  E3 13.69/12.65 14.29/14.31 14.19/14.33 11.18/12.34 17.06/16.21 19.28/12.78 –0.26/0.01 0.10/0.33
  E4 11.98/12.28 12.21/12.79 12.16/12.65 9.64/10.59 14.75/15.03 20.91/16.45 –0.62/–0.86 0.43/0.81
FLA E1 8.98/13.49 15.14**/19.69** 12.64/15.92 8.08/13.20 16.31/21.65 29.86/18.31 0.42/0.69 –0.48/0.37
  E2 11.94/17.26 18.80**/25.40** 15.88/24.05 9.86/16.18 20.32/31.14 28.61/17.52 0.48/0.24 0.58/–0.36
  E3 18.71/23.08 25.75**/32.13** 22.27/27.09 16.64/20.24 27.81/35.61 19.74/15.11 0.41/0.64 –0.11/0.63
  E4 13.59/16.53 16.94*/25.17** 16.21/20.10 10.30/12.53 21.75/27.20 28.65/16.48 0.18/0.07 0.01/–0.36
BAFL E1 31.56/43.74 43.45**/52.08* 35.70/48.80 23.24/34.86 49.37/61.79 35.12/24.44 0.38/0.47 0.07/–0.12
  E2 32.61/42.85 45.14**/53.37** 38.33/46.69 24.53/35.26 52.46/59.93 33.80/23.00 0.66/0.33 0.52/–0.04
  E3 37.64/49.02 49.53**/56.84* 41.24/50.17 29.18/37.91 52.24/60.36 25.28/19.25 0.56/0.39 0.58/0.87
  E4 33.64/45.43 46.39**/53.58* 37.32/49.34 25.74/37.23 50.18/61.56 28.68/22.70 0.20/0.09 –0.13/0.01
  1. FLL flag leaf length, FLW flag leaf width, FLWR flag leaf length to width ratio, FLA flag leaf area, BAFL basal angle of flag leaf, CV coefficients of variation. E1 to E4 represent the location at Yongdeng (103°18’ E, 36°42’ N), Gansu, China, in 2011and 2012, at Anning (103°51’ E, 36°04’ N), Gansu, China, in 2012, and at Yuzhong (104°07’ E, 35°51’ N), Gansu, China, in 2013, respectively. Numbers at the left of the slash (“/”) are the phenotypic values of traits identified under DS, and numbers at the right for WW conditions; *and **mean significant difference in phenotypic values between the parents at 0.05 and 0.01 level, respectively