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Fig. 4 | BMC Genetics

Fig. 4

From: Large-scale mitochondrial DNA analysis of native honey bee Apis mellifera populations reveals a new African subgroup private to the South West Indian Ocean islands

Fig. 4

The sub-structure within 49 COI-COII P0QQ, P1QQ, and P1QQQ A. mellifera derived haplotypes shows the position of private insular haplotypes in regards to genetically similar continental populations. The haplotype network is a minimal spanning tree based on 36 different haplotypes retrieved from sequencing 85 COI-COII of mtDNA from honey bees of the South West Indian Ocean islands, Africa, Europe and 13 African reference sequences from the GenBank. Maps near the sub-network indicate country/island from which sequences were obtained here using https://mapchart.net/ online tool. Seychelles1: Mahé, Praslin and La Digue. Comoros2: Grande Comore, Mohéli, Anjouan, and Mayotte. Africa3: Egypt, Senegal, Chad, Central African Republic, São Tomé, Gabon, Uganda, Tanzania, Malawi, Zimbabwe, Mozambique and South Africa. Europe4: Portugal, Spain, France, Germany, Switzerland, Italy and Greece

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