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Table 1 Selection of genes frequently associated with white coat colour

From: A genome-wide scan study identifies a single nucleotide substitution in the tyrosinase gene associated with white coat colour in a red deer (Cervus elaphus) population

abbreviationnamefunctionexamples in ruminantsreferences
AGOUTIAgouti geneControl of melanogenesis 2
AP3Adaptor protein 3Melanosome biogenesis 2
ASIPAgouti-signalling peptideControl of melanogenesisx10
DCTDopachrome automeraseMelanin biosynthesis, different kinds of melaninx2,4
EDN3Endothelin 3Melanocyte development and migration 2
EDNRBEndothelin B receptorMelanocyte development and migration 2
KITKIT geneMelanocyte development and migrationx12
KITLGKit ligandMelanocyte development and migrationx13
MART-1Melanoma antigen recognized by T-cells 1Regulation of melanin synthesis 7
MC1RMelanocortin 1 receptorControl of melanogenesis 8,14
MGFmast-cell growth factorControl of melanogenesisx15
MITFMicrophthalmia-associated transcription factorControl of melanogenesisx16
MITFmicrophthalmia-associated transcription factorTranscriptomic regulation 9
MLPHMelanophilinMelanosome transport 2
MYO5AMyoxin, heavy polypeptide 12Melanosome transport 2
PPink-eyed dilution geneMelanosome biogenesis 6
PMEL17premelanosome protein 17Regulation of melanin synthesisx5,17
POMC1Proopiomelanocortin 1Control of melanogenesis  
Rab27aRAS-related gene 27Melanosome transport 2
SILVSilverMelanosome biogenesis 2
TYRTyrosinaseMelanin biosynthesis, different kinds of melaninx1,2,3,11
TYRP1Tyrosinase-related protein 1Melanin biosynthesis, different kinds of melaninx1,2,3
  1. X: examples in ruminants available