Power comparison in scenarios D and E. Selected tests are considered for power comparison in scenarios D and E, where causal rare variants have different genetic effect on the trait. Scenario D is the case where only rare variants affect the traits, while Scenario E is the case where both common and rare variants affect the traits. BwSCd represents weighted selectively collapsing test robust in the direction. BaSSUOrd represents ordered adaptive sum test with test statistics of SSU. BaSSUw represent adaptive sum test with test statistics of SSUw. Other names of tests are defined similarly as in Figure 1.