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Table 1 Grandparents' childhood experience of drastic change in food availability, from one year to the next year, by descendants' cardiovascular mortality*

From: Change in paternal grandmothers´ early food supply influenced cardiovascular mortality of the female grandchildren

  Men Women
Paternal grandfather 0.87 (0.46-1.64) 0.91 (0.43-1.96)
Paternal grandmother 0.64 (0.32-1.29) 2.69 (1.05-6.92)
Maternal grandfather 1.26 (0.68-2.34) 1.32 (0.58-3.04)
Maternal grandmother 0.69 (0.35-1.36) 0.56 (0.22-1.49)
Index cases 151 126
  1. *Associations are presented as Hazards ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs 95%). The models are adjusted for birth cohort, mother´s literacy, father´s death before the index person attained 13 years of age. Bold numbers indicate significant associations, p<0.05.