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Table 4 mtDNA haplogroup counts for South Indian castes and major population groups

From: Genetic variation in South Indian castes: evidence from Y-chromosome, mitochondrial, and autosomal polymorphisms

  Tamil Nadu Andhra Pradesh Major Geographic Groups
Haplogroup Upper NTS Upper Middle Lower Upper Middle Lower Europeans E. Asians S. Indians
M-lineages           
   M* 19 23 19 30 22 48 37 0 13 198
   C 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1
   D 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 5 0
   G 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1
   Z 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0
N-lineages           
   N* 0 0 1 0 0 0 2 0 2 3
   W 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0
   R 1 3 8 1 1 11 4 2 6 29
   R5 3 0 0 0 1 1 6 0 0 11
   J 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 6 0 1
   T 1 0 0 0 0 2 1 5 0 4
   HV 3 4 2 1 3 5 1 33 0 19
   U 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 5
   U5 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1
   U5a1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 4 0 1
   U5a/b 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1
   U2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
   U2-K 4 1 9 2 2 8 1 0 0 27
   U4 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
   U7 2 4 4 0 3 2 1 0 0 16
   U8b 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 0 0
   U9 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 2
Total 41 37 43 34 33 80 54 57 28 322
  1. (Lineages grouped by M or N superfamily; *could not be further resolved; see Materials and Methods for marker information.)