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Table 5 mtDNA haplogroup U counts for South Indian castes and Europeans

From: Genetic variation in South Indian castes: evidence from Y-chromosome, mitochondrial, and autosomal polymorphisms

  Tamil Castes Andhra Castes Major geographic groups
  Upper NTS Upper Middle Lower Upper Middle Lower Europeans S. Indians
U1a 5 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 7
U2a 1 0 2 0 1 3 0 0 7
U2b 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1
U2c 2 0 4 1 0 4 1 0 12
U2d 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
U2e 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2
U2i 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 2
U4 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
U5 0 2 0 0 0 1 0 0 3
U5a 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 5 0
U7 2 4 4 0 3 2 1 0 16
K 0 0 0 0 2 1 1 4 4
Total 13 7 13 2 6 11 3 9 55